Analysis of public opinion poll in Ukraine, comparison with attitudes in the US and the EU over the war in Ukraine. The analysis is by Prof. Nataliya Chernysh from the Department of Sociology at the Faculty of History of the Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Vise-president of the Sociological Society of Ukraine. The publication is from the second issue of the Wrocław-Lviv Bulletin, which is published by colleagues from the University of Wroclaw, Poland.
The second issue of the Wrocław-Lviv Bulletin with sociological commentary on current events in Ukraine by Prof. Nataliya Chernysh from the Department of Sociology of the Faculty of History of the Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Vice-President of the Sociological Society of Ukraine.
Everyone in the position they hold and the profession they practice must help end the war in Ukraine and support the efforts of Ukrainians to preserve their sovereign state.
link to the English version of the analysis: https://uni.wroc.pl/en/virtual-bridge-wroclaw-lviv-2/?fbclid=IwAR0jfZ5vGdTgjLhLX4oP5X96kz0qNC05MsS2pzLnF1YP90Xa3yDYyb4j9r8
The Bulgarian Sociological Association expresses its full support and solidarity with all Ukrainian citizens forced to defend their lives and the sovereignty of their country. Ukraine today is fighting a defensive war for the preservation of democratic values and the right to national self-determination. This is a war in defense of the values that are shared by all of us, as both citizens and sociologists, a war fought on behalf of all European citizens. We do express our deep empathy for the sacrifices of the Ukrainian people fighting for their homeland. We strongly urge Bulgarian public institutions to declare and provide full support for Ukraine and its citizens.
The Bulgarian Academy of Science and the University of Sofia already declared solidarity with Ukrainians and made their facilities – dormitories, campuses and hostels – available to Ukrainian refugees. The Bulgarian Sociological Association, as a voluntary professional organization, can only plead its members to express individually their own solidarity with refugees, according to their own capacities and understandings. Institutionally, we assert our support for Ukraine and our sincere compassion for its people. We cannot remain still and silent in front of the monstrosity of war. We do believe that all gestures of solidarity are important in this situation, when war is fought against democratic values, against the right of all citizens to choose where and how to live, to express their views freely and to choose which unions to participate in.
We stand in solidarity with the Ukrainian citizens forced to suffer all the calamities, inflicted by the war and to defend their right to live in a free and sovereign country, but also with all those Russian citizens, who are against the immoral aggression exerted by Putin’s regime towards the sovereign state of Ukraine, and who by protesting against the war risk becoming victims of the same aggression.
We call all Bulgarian citizens for solidarity with people fleeing the war and seeking asylum in Bulgaria; let us demonstrate our hospitality – a trait we pride ourselves with as a nation – by actively supporting and including people who desperately need our help today.
Prof. DSc. Rumiana Stoilova – chair
Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Chief Assist. Prof. Dr. Milla Mineva – vice chair
Department of Sociology, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”
Assoc. Prof. Elitsa Dimitrova
Department Sociology and human sciences, Plovdiv University “Paisii Hilendarski”
Institute for Population and Human Studies
Assoc. Prof. Svetlana Hristova
Department of Cultural studies, South-Western University “Neofit Rilsky”
Chief Assist. Prof. Dr. Marieta Hristova
Department of Economic Sociology, University of National and World Economy
Chief Assist. Prof. Dr. Georgi Medarov
Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Research Center Trend
Alexander Gerganov, Chief Assist. Prof., Dr., IPS-BAS
Alexander Stoyanov, Assoc. Prof., Dr., UNWE
Aleksey Pamporov, Assoc. Prof., Dr., IPS-BAS
Andrei Bundzhulov. Assoc. Prof., Dr., UNWE
Andrei Nonchev, Assoc. Prof., Dr., UNWE
Boian Znepolski, Prof., Dr., SU
Valentina Milenkova, Prof., DSc., SWU
Veneta Krasteva, Assoc. Prof., IPS-BAN
Viara Stoilova, Prof., Dr., UNWE
Gabriela Yordanova, Assoc. Prof., Dr., IPS-BAS
Galina Koleva, Chief Assist. Prof., Dr., IPS-BAS
Georgy Petrunov, Prof. Dr., UNWE
Dimitar Panchev, PhD, PU
Ivan Chalakov, Prof., Dr., PU
Kolio Koev, Prof. DSc., NBU
Krastinka Petkova, Prof. DSc., IPS-BAS
Liliana Deanova, Prof. Dr., SU
Maia Grekova, Prof. DSc., SU
Mariana Draganova, Assoc. Prof., Dr., IPS-BAS
Martin Ivanov, Chief Assist. Prof., Dr., IPS-BAS
Miladina Monova, Chief Assist. Prof, Dr., IPS-BAS
Nikolai Baltov, PhD candidate, UNWE
Nikolai Qanev, PhD, SU
Pepka Boiadjieva, Prof. DSc., IPS-BAS
Petya Ilieva, Chief Assist. Prof., Dr., IPS-BAS
Petya Kabakchieva, Prof. DSc., SU
Svetla Koleva, Prof. DSc., IPS-BAS
Svetlana Sabeva, Assoc. Prof., Dr. PU
Svetoslav Slavov, Chief Assist. Prof. Dr., PU
Siika Kovacheva, Assoc. Prof., Dr., PU
Snejana Popova, Prof. DSc., SU
Stephan Nikolov, Assoc. Prof., Dr. IPS-BAS
Stoyan Mihailov, Junction
Tanya Chavdarova, Prof. DSc., SU
Tatiana Kotzeva, Assoc. Prof., Dr, IPS-BAN
Temenuga Rakadjiiska, Prof., DSc., UNWE
Todorka Kineva, Chief Assist., Dr., UNWE
Global Metrics – Radostina Angelova, Dr.
Nasoka – Elena Darieva
as of 17 March 2022
The Bulgarian Sociological Association works to increase the trust in the accuracy and reliability of the sociological results, as well as to increase the ability for informed choice of the citizens, which will be based on reliable and valid information and forecast. Civic education is the way to destroy the huge machine of censorship, stereotyping and dramatization of the situation, writes Walter Lipman in his book Public Opinion. And that means:
The Code of Ethics of BAS, adopted in 2004, sets requirements for the communication of research data in the media. According to Art. 14. (4) When disseminating data from sociological surveys, information about the research methods and the sources of information shall always be provided in accordance with the requirements established in the sociological community. Upon completion of the study, the primary individual information is available for control of its methodological validity by the professional community.
In the Electoral Code, Art. 205, it is written that the communication of the results of consultations on the electoral attitudes must contain “information about the assignor of the consultation or research, about the organization that conducted the consultation or research, and about the sources of its financing”.
It is good for citizens to monitor a few critical indicators that agencies tend to report incorrectly or omit at all. It is key to know who sponsored the study. A study costs a lot, it is an investment, so this factor is indicative. It is important for citizens to be aware which media publishes a survey results.
According to a study by a colleague from UNWE – Chief Assistant Dr. Marieta Hristova, there is unspecified funding in one or two of a total of more than 30 surveys for each of the elections in 2021. However, over half of the surveys indicate “own funding”. Citizens need to be extra careful when they see this information. Although not illegal, this indication may also be a refusal to disclose the actual source of funding.
When reading survey results, it is important whether it is representative and how respondents are selected. Dr. Hristova’s research notes that over half of the surveys conducted in 2021 lack information on representativeness, and only representative surveys make it possible to actually talk about all voters in Bulgaria who have the right to vote. Lack of information on whether the study is representative is a risky point. It is particularly risky when it is related to the requirement to report the margin of error. Indicating the probable error is important so that we know how to interpret results with minimal differences. In order for the information used to be reliable, it is good to monitor the results of several agencies, the deviations between them and the validity of their past electoral forecasts.
November 8, 2021